Farming's fair weather friends

Fairly obviously, farmers produce food because it is profitable, not for charity

NOT many people, with the exception of tattoo artists, claim to identify with the needs and aspirations of the tattooing industry. Neither do many empathise with selling cars, installing kitchens or making bread unless they also work in those sectors. They have few, if any, external cheerleaders.

And yet there are many people who, despite having trouble identifying which end of a sheep eats grass, nonetheless claim to be totally on side with farmers and their quest to make a living. Moreover, they advocate using other people’s money to help farmers financially. For some reason farming, and farmers, are seen differently.

This phenomenon is not new, but I was reminded of it recently when listening to the maiden speeches of two of the Palmer United Party senators, Dio Wang and Glenn Lazarus. Neither has a background in agriculture, yet both waxed lyrical about farming and its need for support.

Lazarus said Queensland agriculture was “losing farmers everywhere”, and “we should be supporting our farmers and producers .. (and) not stand idly by and watch our farmers and growers decimated by inaction, weather, subpar infrastructure, poor economic conditions and ruthless corporate greed.”

Wang said, “our farmers are doing it tough. We need to do something about it so … our farmers do not lose out.”

Various others have expressed similar sentiments, and not just in Australia. Since 1985 an organisation in America called Farm Aid has held benefit concerts to rescue family farmers from mortgage default. In countries like France and Germany, farmers are viewed as cultural custodians and paid to run their farms inefficiently in order to meet the expectations of their urban supporters.

And yet nobody says a word when tattoo parlours, car dealers, kitchen installers or bakeries are in trouble. Politicians do not rush to their side and nobody suggests they should be bailed out with taxpayer funds. If they strike trouble, they are on their own.

The reasons for this difference are neither amenable to rational analysis nor a product of deep thinking. It is mostly about feelings and emotions. To the extent that reasoning is found, it is mainly along the lines of: farmers are producing food (even those who grow cotton or wool) and if they didn’t, we would starve. By contrast, if all the tattoo parlours in Australia were to close down, life would go on.

Fairly obviously, farmers produce food because it is profitable, not for charity. Moreover, supply responds to demand based on price signals. If it becomes unprofitable to produce one type of food, something else is grown, potentially including cotton or wool. Even when there is perceived to be a single ‘crop’ option, such as in the top end with beef cattle, there are different markets that can be targeted.

Also obvious is the fact that while all tattoo parlours could be literally closed down (although backyard tattooists may continue), it is inconceivable that Australian farms would stop producing food. Even if every farmer in Australia was to go bankrupt, the farms would remain in existence and inevitably bought by others to return to production. The only exception is land on the edges of deserts, which tends to move into and out of production according to seasons and prices.

Claims that agriculture is unprofitable and that farmers are doing it tough are really referring to the performance of individual farms, not the overall situation. Moreover, they refer to a temporary situation; if they are genuinely unprofitable, farm owners will either find a way to return to profitability or transfer ownership to someone else. In either case the farm will be profitable again.

When Glenn Lazarus bemoaned the fact that Queensland has lost over 100 dairy farmers since Coles initiated the milk price war in 2011, he ignored the fact that national milk production has not declined. Victorian dairy farms, which are vastly more efficient, have filled the gap. Complaining about that makes no more sense than arguing that Tasmanian farmers ought to be able to grow pineapples competitively.

Where the outside cheerleaders for agriculture go wrong is in assuming that individual farms should all be profitable, and if they are not, they should be helped with the false generosity that comes with handing out other people’s money.

While it might be a nice wish, and certainly individual farmers would like it to be true, the profitability of every farmer should be of no concern to governments. Just as individual tattoo parlours are allowed to fail, often to be taken over by new owners who make a better go of it, individual farmers must be allowed to fail so their farms can be taken over by those who are more capable. The use of taxpayers’ money to prevent failure is immoral, whether it is a tattoo parlour or a farm.

But it is not immoral for governments to seek to overcome the barriers that prevent businesses, farms included, from increasing their profitability. Indeed, since many of those barriers were erected by governments in the first place, it could be seen as a basic duty.

Thus Glenn Lazarus was on the right track when he referred to subpar infrastructure, power costs, government fees, taxes, labour, insurance, red tape and slow, erratic and often questionable decision making, because these are either a function of poor government policy or substantially influenced by it. Other examples include under investment in infrastructure at the expense of over-staffing of school; inflexible labour rules, subsidised renewable energy, and high taxes.

But he was wrong to imply it is the government’s role to save farmers from drought, weather, falling world commodity prices or low supermarket prices, because that would require the expenditure of other people’s money. And unfortunately, a lot of people are too fond of that.

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FarmOnline
David Leyonhjelm

David Leyonhjelm

has worked in agribusiness for 30 years and is a Senator for NSW representing the Liberal Democrats.
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READER COMMENTS

David Fleming
15/10/2014 3:49:17 AM

I wouldn't waste any taxpayers money on some politicians either David.
Archibald
15/10/2014 5:41:06 AM

Yes I agree partly, however Government legislation, regulation and actions/inactions are the elephant in the room, and David is well aware of this. His prime example of using the northern cattle industry is a case in point, the government removed the only competition to processors in the cattle market when it banned live export . The governments removed the ability to clear regrowth vegetation on grazing properties or use trees as drought fodder. Governments ban the sale of fresh milk if they can because its "unsafe." Australian Governments also don't compensate for many of the above!!
Malcolm
15/10/2014 5:42:48 AM

David's comments are those of a blinkered rationalist - if he is expecting us to follow his ideas then he should be rational in explaining how the community demand on the way we farm is compensated. No longer can we farm within the framework of rational economics and we as farmers need to be compensated for community demands placed on our activities. We do not have effective 'right to farm' legislation, we do not have the numbers to democratically out vote the city and yet we are expected to do what the majority wants. If rational economics is David's mantra rationalise an alternative.
Mug
15/10/2014 5:49:58 AM

This is a bloke who tells it like it is.
thedog
15/10/2014 6:03:37 AM

As a clue, the ears are on the eating end!!! Even urbanites, who largely don't know how/where their food comes from, do understand that food is an essential, daily item, unlike tatoos and even cars if you have a suburban (subsidised) railway station somewhere nearby. The access to finance is decided by bankers (largely urban biased) and infrastructure by pollies largely (generally urban biased too). See aproblem here???
Over the Hill
15/10/2014 6:40:03 AM

The said Tatooist has the option of setting his own price and is not reliant on the rain / sunshine to get his product to the point of sale. Fair chance that if the Tatooist goes broke is becaust he doens't have the skills (can't draw) The issue for farmers is that every crop or animal produced is a long term investment, often relying on uncontrollable weather events which dictate volume and quality, only to be subjected to prices dictated by others when it comes time to sell. Caryard and bakeries are much shorter turn around times for their sales.
genazzano
15/10/2014 6:44:01 AM

David it is in the national interest that we are able to feed ourselves. That is why China etc want our land. It is in the national interest that we produce our own fuel and not rely on imports. It is politician's with self interest who allow this to happen I suggest you practice what you preach and suggest all politicians have the same rules apply to their super as the rest of Australia - why should you get more than the rest - until you agree to this then I do not think you have a right to say farmers should not be assisted
Dicktiger
15/10/2014 7:08:42 AM

Is that a rational comment or a product of deep thinking, David Fleming?
IddyB
15/10/2014 7:13:59 AM

This is an interesting article. I am a farmer and can't help but agree with many of the sentiments expressed.
Andrew Freshwater
15/10/2014 7:18:26 AM

Well David, Id like to publicly challenge you to go for an entire week not using anything that comes from agriculture. You are such a big talker with bold statements which rarely make a lot of sense so how about putting your statements into action....lets perhaps make this something Farmonline can follow for the week and you dont use anything from agriculture...... come on, I dare you to take up the challenge.
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Agribuzz with David LeyonhjelmCommentary, news and analysis with agribusiness consultant David Leyonhjelm. Email David at reclaimfreedom@gmail.com

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